In order to understand computer networking
, it is important to have a grasp of the basic terminology associated with the topic.
Definitions of Networks
(campus-area-network) – A network of computers and resources that are limited to a campus or a military base.
(home-area-network)– A network of computers and resources contained within a user’s home.
(local-area-network)– A network of computers and resources geographically close to each other. This area is generally limited to one building.
(metropolitan-area-network)– A network designed to cover a city or town.
(wide-area-network) – A network of computers and resources that span over the course of two or more buildings. Generally, a collection of two or more LANs is considered a WAN.
Other Networking Terms
– The classification of a network, such as peer-to-peer or client/server.
– A computer that accesses a (remote) service on a server utilizing a computer network.
– A common set of rules and signals that computers on the network use to communicate.
– A computer (or device) that provides services to other computers and devices on a computer network.
– The different way computers (and network enabled peripherals) are arranged on or connected to a network. The most common network topologies are:
: All computers are connected to a central hub.
: Each computer is connected to two others, such that starting at any one computer you can trace the connection through each computer back on the ring back to the first.
: All computers are connected to a central cable, normally termed bus or backbone.
: Group of start networks each connected to a linear bus.