Programming languages are the brain behind everything on the Web. Programming languages make things work on the Web.
Since the history of programming languages goes back to 1950s, there have been various types created. The rapid growth of the Internet gave birth to 100’s web programming languages. Wiki Web Pedia takes a look at most popular programming languages used in website building and web development today.
Understanding the basics of web programming and being familiar with top programming languages can help you realize how websites work and give tips on choosing the right language for your own website programming and web developing.
Most popular websites are dynamic. The development of the dynamic sites typically involves server side languages, client-side coding languages and database technology.
Developed in: 1995
Creator: Rasmus Lerdorf
What it is: Widely used server-side general-purpose scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. PHP is now installed on more than 244 million websites and 2.1 million web servers.
Why popular: PHP allows developing dynamic web pages. An open-source, interpretive, cross-platform web language can be embedded into HTML pages. PHP is available for most operating systems including Unix and Windows, and is an excellent server-side programming language for professional programming.
Developed in: 1983
Creator: Bjarne Stroustrup
What it is: Statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, object oriented, general-purpose programming language. It is regarded as an intermediate-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features.
Why popular: C++ is one of the most popular programming languages, implemented on many hardware and operating system platforms. As an efficient compiler to native code, its application domains include systems software, application software, device drivers, embedded software, high-performance server and client applications, and entertainment software such as video games.
Developed in: 1995
Creator: Brendan Eich
Developed in: 2000
What it is: Multi-paradigm: structured, imperative, object-oriented, event-driven, functional, generic, reflective, concurrent programming language developed by Microsoft. (Pronounced see sharp.)
Why popular: C# is intended to be a simple, modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. Its development team is led by Anders Hejlsberg, the designer of Borland’s Turbo Pascal. It has an object-oriented syntax based on C++. The most recent version of the language is 4.0 which was released in 2010. C# is intended to be suitable for writing applications for both hosted and embedded systems, ranging from the very large that use sophisticated operating systems, down to the very small having dedicated functions.
Developed in: 1995
Creator: James Gosling, Sun Microsystems
What it is: General-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented computer programming language that is specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Object-oriented, structured, imperative, generic, reflective. This is a programming language and computing platform with the underlying technology that powers state-of-the-art programs including utilities, games, and business applications. Java runs on more than 850 million personal computers worldwide, and on billions of devices worldwide, including mobile and TV devices.
Why popular: Java has proved its usefulness being used for thousands of applications long before the rise of native mobile apps. It’s one of the most flexible programming languages, useful in most operating systems. If building desktop-based apps and/or Android mobile apps will be your niche, then Java the the best programming language for that purpose. There are lots of applications and websites that won’t work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable.
Web programming is made up from many other programming languages used separately or in conjunction with each other. If you are looking to build a website, understanding the basics of web programming is a very good way to go, as well discovering what makes up modern web design.